Weeks 1-3: "Which Culture?"

Review of Reading Assignment: Which Culture chapter from Greenwich Village 1963 by Sally Banes

Warm-up exercise: Emmett William's Ten Arrangements for Five Performers.

How does Sally Banes define 'folk art' in the context of this chapter?
• art by the community for the community
• work that integrates art and life (the everyday)
• functional art
• low-budget
• made by the untrained or non-professional
• handmade and unique (not mass produced)
• recycles the world around the artist
• crudely constructed

To what factors does she attribute the rise in 'folk art' attributes in the avant-garde work of the 1960s?
• Rejection of previous generations values -- European Art is high art; American Art is low art; the fear of communism and the association of folk tradition with totalitarian regimes."A generation grown old before its time."
• Desire to create a uniquely American art form.
• Interest in egalitarian values (accessibility).
• Increase in leisure time.
• Refusal to participate in mainstream culture of corporate production and consumption.

Why does she imply that Pop Art was related to American folk art?
• Its uniquely American quality.
• Because of its relationship to crafts and decorative arts.
• Because of its use of the venacular (commercial arts, commonplace images, domestic and thow-away culture is recycled).

How did the new avant-garde affect audiences?
• audience was activated.
• sometimes given a role in the production or presentation.
• audience related to peformances more readily: remniscent of popular entertainment: vaudeville, church plays, pageants, children's theater, circuses...

What was happening in artist-made cinema?
• home movie quality; handmade; handheld.
• everyday life becomes the subject. (Warhol's haircut or sleep)
• live soundtracks are created by the artist and sometimes the audience.

What as happening in dance?
• Pedestrian movements are incorporated into choreography.
• Games, tasks, and sports are incorporated.
• Irony: how to dance is explained.

What everyday items were incorporated into Fluxus?
• Games, puzzles, rubber stamps, recipes, jokes, parlor tricks, magic tricks.
• Fluxus' printed matter predicts the coming of zines.

What did critics of the time, like Clement Greenberg think of the new avant-garde?
• They saw it as vulgar (pg 104)
• Kitsche

Read Folk Art Makes a Community on page 95
• Relationship to user-generated content (Myspace, Flickr, eBay, Facebook, Amazon) (Learningtoloveyoumore.com)
• the DIY movement
• the craft movement
• the print on demand self-publishing movement

Alter egos mentioned:

Allan Kaprow: page 87
John Cage: page 92 and page 95

Reading of Manifestos

Assignment #3: Bring a helpful gift, book, material, or object related to your peer's manifesto to next class.


JuliaInTheRye said...

I just want to say that I LOVED visiting Learningtoloveyoumore.com

its very very reminiscent of the fluxus score.... but, wow, its so much different at the same time. Its so amazing that so many people do it, and I can see everyone's.

If anyone hasnt gone to check it out, you should!!! (I wish I would have though of it. I wish I would have thought of everything that Miranda July has done. )

Also, I loved getting presents for people. it made me so happy and excited.

Ruud Janssen said...

Loved the question on fluxus.

Is new Fluxus included?

just wondered.

have a look at

http://www.fluxusheidelberg.org and check the links to old and new Fluxus (link List).

We also have some recent (or older) interviews online.